We now hear a lot of talk about different plans to rebuild the area devastated by the Port of Beirut and the surrounding neighborhoods by the explosion of August 4, 2020, with the first French proposals that followed the following month or even today the German proposals. . This area also whets the appetites of Turkey, Russia, the Chinese even, and even Qatar. An urban project that actually recalls that of SOLIDERE A German delegation thus went, with the support of the European Investment Bank according to it, to Lebanon at the beginning of April to unveil a reconstruction project reaching an estimate of up to 15 billion dollars. in the medium term and even 30 billion dollars in the long term with 50,000 jobs to the key according to the studies which they would have carried out but of which we do not yet know the details. For them, it would be a question of remaking "the coup de SOLIDERE" with the establishment of a residential district, skyscrapers, green areas or even public beaches in an area still damaged and moving port facilities to the northern suburbs reminding a little open-air cafes which was this area before the extension of the second and third pools in the 1950s. A space already claimed in the past by SOLIDERE SOLIDERE had indeed already tried to get its hands during the 1990s on the space of the first basin of the port of Beirut, the use of which was however given to the Lebanese Army during the time of Amine Gemayel's mandate during the war. civilian at Rafic Hariri's request. It will also be one of the many disputes between the assassinated former prime minister and the commander of the Lebanese Army and then President of the Republic Emile Lahoud, who opposed it by all the means that were put to its layout. The SOLIDERE competitor project promoted by the Port of Beirut authority in the early 2010s. Image Source: Dar el Handassa Faced with this SOLIDERE real estate project, the administration of the Port of Beirut, however acting for many years, had responded with a competing real estate project still at the level of the first basin. But a project also facing opposition from a large part of the population The plan proposed by the Germans quickly made the local population react, already bruised by the bad experience of STRONG whose contract was due to expire in 2019 and which was extended until 2029 and located 2 steps away, a downtown space ultimately where interactions between different different social classes have been put aside in favor of unaffordable luxury for those who live in Lebanon itself. The German urban project offers social diversity, but it was also a promise for SOLIDERE, a promise that was quickly forgotten at the time. The small neighborhood grocer does not exist, just like many trades previously existing in this space. The city center of Beirut resulting from the civil war, so alive before, so dead today except during the demonstrations of the last years, does not constitute any more this space of social and economic and even community rapprochement, with the Muslim, Christian presence. but also Jewish, for example from the pre-war period, this notion of coexistence, the only one capable of reducing sectarian conflicts. SOLIDERE was also marked by the expropriation of many people following a court decision rendered by Walid Eido, who will be rewarded by former Prime Minister Rafic Hariri by subsequently becoming a deputy. Like him, he will be assassinated in 2005. Many people will accuse the company of harassment to buy their property at below market prices, when downtown Beirut was potentially one of the most prominent real estate spaces. In addition, due to real estate prices, this SOLIDERE space turned out to be that of the recycling of large sums resulting from embezzlement for example, inducing speculation on the rise in prices, resulting in empty buildings in the ultimately to the detriment of the population. This real estate bubble is one of the causes of the current economic crisis and this factor encourages the population of the surrounding districts, Gemmayzeh, Mar Mikhael or those of the Quarantine, district rather inhabited by economically vulnerable people to be cautious. Moreover, just like the question of the sociological fabric of the German project in relation to the SOLIDERE experience, the heritage question also arose in the same SOLIDERE. Many heritage buildings and historic sites have been demolished in the city center and the German project offers no solution to this particular problem, while the Gemmayzeh or Mar Mikhael areas are full of 19th century architectural treasures. This German project therefore risks being a repetition of SOLIDERE, with civil society recalling the absence of a memorial to the 200 victims of the explosion of August 4, 2021, as well as the fact that in the city center itself, the pangs of civil war have been erased like the memory of the 100,000 dead and 17,000 missing from that conflict. This lack of memory, for many, constitutes an invitation to start over again errors, the price of which has however been very high. The other players also in the race In the case of the port of Beirut, France is not left out but remains limited to the space of the port itself with in particular the presence of the president of CMA-CGM in the stadium during the visit of French President Emmanuel Macron on September 1, 2020 on the occasion of the centenary of Greater Lebanon. The latter then proposed the reconstruction of the port of Beirut without moving it using new technologies available at a much lower cost, of the order of six hundred million $ 1 billion and this in 3 phases including 400 million to 600 million for the first 2 phases only. Concerning the surrounding districts, Paris has rather worked on heritage conservation, notably with its action at the level of the historic dwellings of Gemmayzeh and Mar Mikhael at the risk of appearing less ambitious than Berlin. The ports of the region are the object of much covetousness due to several converging interests, such as the reconstruction of Syria which has already resulted in the Russian takeover of the port of Lattaquieh, but also, the new Silk Road sponsored by China, which is not to be outdone, already a candidate for the takeover of the port of Tripoli and already present at the Port of Piraeus in Greece but which was excluded from it by the CMA-CGM until 2041, or even the Turkish plan to reconstitute the Ottoman axis towards the Hijaz via, for example, the rehabilitation undertaken of the Tripoli station in northern Lebanon, as if to recall its influence in the region when this country was heavily involved in the Syrian conflict, and even in Qatar, which had responded to some calls for tenders for the port of Tripoli in the past. There is also the interest currently present in the eastern Mediterranean in significant oil and gas resources, some of which could potentially be found off the Lebanese coast and are already the subject of a Franco-Italian-Russian consortium and whose exploitation could transform the port of Beirut into a prime platform. This space is also critical for the United States, Israel or other countries which have interests in the region such as Iran too, since access to the Port of Beirut can lead for example Tehran to obtain a door to the Mediterranean, something which Israel would not want and which could lead it to exert pressure via Washington, for example, within the framework of this dossier. However, the point with all these projects is the fact of generally wanting to exclude certain local interests which had already transformed the port of Beirut into an area where corruption had the pride of place. In a report published by the World Bank in 2016, we learned, for example, that taking goods out of the port of Beirut costs as much as bringing them from Marseille to the Lebanese capital because of the large commissions to be paid at each administrative step, for do not mention the corruption of local administrations. Finally a local bargain too At the local level, reconstruction is a boon for many, attracted by this opportunity which presents itself to them, after the shortness of SOLIDERE and while their coffers are empty and who will probably try, in the face of so much lust on the part of the company. foreigner, to get them to grant them the commissions they demand.