Employees and the owner of a gas station have been severely attacked by motorists in Tire, southern Lebanon, after refusing to refuel a car due to rationing imposed by the fuel shortage situation. gasoline.

Security forces quickly intervened to identify the perpetrators of the attack. Other similar incidents would have taken place in particular in the locality of Ein Baal in the district of Abbasiya still in the south of Lebanon or in Akkar.

On the spot, the owners of the petrol stations announced in a press release a general strike and the closure of the pumps for 2 days to protest against these attacks.

“The problem lies with the Bank of Lebanon and the state, and not with the station owners who are seen as the victims.” The first, the biggest losers “

For his part, the president of the Union of petrol station owners Georges Brax strongly condemned these incidents, stressing that one person had been injured and another killed in Akkar. He thus calls on the police to take the necessary measures to put an end to it.

Georges Brax also attacked the Bank of Lebanon, believing that the owners of gas stations are only scapegoats.

The main reason for the gasoline crisis is the scarcity of US dollars at the Banque du Liban, which translates into a scarcity of opening credits for import companies, which leads to a decrease in the quantities imported, and therefore quantities distributed to stations to serve the consumer

He thus underlined that the current unloading of fuels present in the tankers stationed along the Lebanese coasts constitutes only a partial solution to the crisis, because of a strong demand increased by the fear of the shortage.

He therefore calls on the population to understand and allow the owners of petrol stations to secure the supply of fuel.

A subsidy program whose hours are counted when available monetary reserves are about to be exhausted

As a reminder, the subsidy program should soon end for products such as medicines or flour, according to a letter from the governor of the Bank of Lebanon, Riad Salamé, sent last March to the Minister of Finance Ghazi Wazni, for lack of monetary reserves available to continue to finance it. It is not yet clear how the Banque du Liban managed to continue the program without delaying the approval of certain lines of credit, particularly for the purchase of fuel and fuel oil.

The cost of the program was $ 700 million during the period preceding the current crisis. It has fallen to $ 500 million currently, or $ 6 billion per year, of which $ 3 billion is for fuels alone. Questions also relate to the reality of the 16 billion dollars of gross reserves of the Bank of Lebanon mainly constituted by the sums available by the 15% of minimum reserves on bank deposits.

The establishment of a prepaid card program would however depend on the approval by the parliament since it would then be an annual loan for an amount of one billion dollars from the Bank of Lebanon against 6 currently. . This program would be aimed at 800,000 families now.

In fact, more than 75% of the population would be today living below the poverty line, that is to say on less than 6 dollars a day. The inflation rate would have even reached 155% during the year 2020, the prices of certain essential but not subsidized products having even reached an increase of 400%, while the Lebanese pound would have lost more than 90% of its value. since October 2019.

Last March, the outgoing Minister of Finance Ghazi Wazni, for his part, estimated that it would be a question of reducing the number of subsidized products from 300 to 100 products, reducing the subsidies granted to the purchase of fuels and drugs and introduce a ration card for 800,000 families, leading to an annual reduction in half of the current subsidies, which would drop from 6 to 3 billion dollars.

The establishment of a prepaid card program would, however, be subject to parliamentary approval.

The creation of this rescue net program to replace the subsidy program was adopted by the Lebanese parliament on March 12 and signed by the President of the Republic on April 8 before being published in the official journal.

This program aims to set up a prepaid payment card which would thus be given to households vulnerable to the economic crisis. They would thus receive 100,000 pounds per month per person for about a year, wanted the Bank of Lebanon while the World Bank had indicated that it required that these sums be made available at the real rate of the local currency.

50% of the fuel subsidy program

Fuels alone represent 50% of the Bank of Lebanon’s subsidy program, said the outgoing energy minister. Despite an increase in the price of gasoline by more than 50% in Lebanon, a can of gasoline costs around three dollars while in Syria, the same can cost between 7 and 13 dollars, leading to trafficking between 2 countries.

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