UN Security Council Resolution 425 was adopted at the 2074th meeting by 12 votes to none, with 2 abstentions (Czechoslovakia and Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), on March 19, 1978, following Operation Litani launched by Israel against the Palestinian positions located in southern Lebanon.
This resolution will establish the United Nations Interim Force (UNIFIL) in Lebanon, whose mission will be to ensure the withdrawal of Israeli forces from Lebanon, provide border security and help the Lebanese government restore its authority. effective in the south of its territory.
The text of UN Security Council resolution 425
The Security Council,
Taking note of the letters from the Permanent Representative of Lebanon and the Permanent Representative of Israel,
Having heard the statements of the Permanent Representatives of Lebanon and Israel,
Gravely concerned at the deteriorating situation in the Middle East and its consequences for the maintenance of international peace,
Convinced that the present situation hinders the establishment of a just peace in the Middle East,
1. Calls for strict respect for the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized borders;
2. Calls on Israel to immediately cease its military action against the territorial integrity of Lebanon and to withdraw its forces without delay from all Lebanese territory;
3. Decides, taking into account the request of the Lebanese Government, to immediately establish under its authority a United Nations interim force for southern Lebanon for the purpose of confirming the withdrawal of Israeli forces, restoring international peace and security and to assist the Lebanese Government in ensuring the restoration of its effective authority in the region, this force being composed of personnel provided by Member States;
4. Requests the Secretary-General to report to it within 24 hours on the implementation of this resolution.