UNIFIL was created on the initiative of French General Jean Cuq, the latter will become his first second in command in 1978 to deal with both the Israeli forces and the PLO militias who had taken advantage of the weakening of the armed forces. Lebanese to settle there and carry out operations against the Hebrew state.
What is UNIFIL?
Why was it created?
What is the mission of UNIFIL?
According to its mandate, the military members of this international institution must:
Confirm the departure of Israeli troops from southern Lebanon
Restoring international peace and security
Help the Lebanese government to restore its effective authority in the region.
Its main mission today is to ensure that the two parties respect resolutions 425, 426 and 1701 of the UN Security Council. It is on the basis of his observations that the reports of violations of these resolutions are presented by the UN Secretary General. We can notably cite the case of the almost daily overflights by Israeli planes of Lebanese territory in violation of resolution 1701.
For its part, Israel considers that these overflights are necessary, indicating that despite the presence of UNIFIL, armed elements including those of Hezbollah are still present south of the Litani.
How many men are there in UNIFIL?
In total in 2017, 10,520 soldiers from 41 countries were deployed within UNIFIL. More than 279 members of UNIFIL died on mission, to which must be added hundreds of wounded.
Also read: UN Security Council Resolution 425 (1978)
For this, many countries sent their soldiers. The numbers have varied since 1978 depending on the situation and reached 7,935 in 2000 during the Israeli withdrawal from southern Lebanon. Its headquarters will be established in Naqoura in southern Lebanon from 1978. It is also in its headquarters that the Israeli and Lebanese military meet in accordance with the 1949 armistice agreement to discuss the measures necessary to ensure that there are no incidents between the two countries.
Following the 1982 Israeli invasion during Operation Peace in Galilee, it will also include elements of the Multinational Force.
Following the Israeli withdrawal of May 25, 2000, the task of UNIFIL will be to set up, in cooperation with the Israeli and Lebanese representatives, the Blue Line, the demarcation line between the two countries and to guarantee the withdrawal of troops from IDF.
Following the conflict of July 2006 and the adoption by the UN Security Council of resolution 1701, UNIFIL will adopt a new format, with the establishment of a maritime component complementing land troops. It will also be responsible for providing assistance to help ensure humanitarian access to civilian populations and assist in the voluntary return of displaced persons in conditions of security still in the region of southern Lebanon.
A day spent with the French contingent of UNIFIL